Indians of California


ANTH 210 course handouts and website links for Fall 2015 & Fall 2016

ANTH 210 • #16640 • M/W 11AM-12:20PM • COC Boykin Hall #106
SYLLABUS ANTH210 Fall 2015 Lightfoot, Kent G. 2006 Indians, Missionaries, and Merchants: The Legacy of Colonial Encounters on the California Frontiers. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Lightfoot, Kent G. and Otis Parrish. 2009 California Indians and their Environment: An Introduction. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Rosenthal, Nicolas G. 2012 Reimagining Indian Country: Native American Migration & Identity in Twentieth-Century Los Angeles. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

INDIVIDUAL RESEARCH PROJECT (Signature Assignment) Indians of California Individual Paper & Group Presentation Research Project [PDF]

Example Research Paper (AAA Style) (11 pages, 2,233 words) Format: Double-spaced, indented paragraphs for text (hanging paragraphs for bibliography), 12 point type, Times New Roman, 5-10 pages, Word count: minimum words 1,250 (about 5-6 pages) and maximum words 2,500 (about 11-12 pages).

AAA Style Guide 2009 [PDF] Minimum of 3 references (at least two must be a different media such as a book, movie, website, or journal article)

Chicago Manual of Style (Author-Date) Guide 2015 [PDF]

College of the Canyons Library “Find Articles” for Students Only F’15 Peer-reviewed articles by subject on California Native Americans

Native American Heritage Commission A free online peer-reviewed research article database, posted by their authors (academic researchers). For California Indians start with a search using key term “Native American”

Native American and Indigenous Studies Association (NAISA)

GROUP RESEARCH PROJECT Group “Culture Area” Oral Presentation Outline and Grading Rubric [PDF]  PAST CULTURE AREA PRESENTATIONS (S’15):

“Northwestern Tribes: Yurok, Pomo, and Miwok” [PDF] by Ariel Bosch, Yamibeth Chavez, David Gevshenian, Austin Holwager, Madisen McCormack, Quentin Melikidse, Elena Roman, and Kody Ryan

“Central California Native Americans” [PDF] by Jessica Jauregui, Janessa Bloom, Matthew Navarette, Alberto M., Angel V., Michael Ruiz, and Nick Hardyman

“Chumash vs. Tongva” [PDF] by Ricky Ryan, John Farenbaugh, Danielle H., Lislie Dos Santos and Cesar Rodriquez

“Colorado River Valley Native Americans” [PDF] by Laura Baker, Katarina Vidal Cueva, Jesse Flores, Madison Latch, Danielle Levy, Megan Mestas, and Desiray Sandoval

“Great Basin/Local Santa Clara River” [PDF] by Janely Zapata, Brian Escobedo, Eric Gertner, Tatiana Capra, Lindsey Teal, and Alberto Marmol


(1) Medicinal Plant Walk at Sisar Creek in Upper Ojai, Saturday, Sept. 12, 2015 @ 8:30AM, Lanny (“Herb Walk”) Kaufer and Dr. James Adams (USC School of Pharmacy), Summit School parking lot, 12525 Ojai Santa Paula Rd., Ojai, CA 93023, Must Pre-Register: Cost: $35 general admission, $25 for students/staff from CoC (min. 10 people).

(2) American Indian and Western Artifacts & Art, Saturday, Oct. 3, 2015 @ 11AM, Autry Museum. 4700 Western Heritage Way, Los Angeles, CA 90027, Cost: $2/ea. for students/staff of CoC, $10 general admission), Info:

(2.5) Medicinal Plant Walk at Stunt High Trail in Santa Monica Mountains, Calabasas, Saturday, Oct. 10, 2015 @ 10:00AM, Dr. James Adams (USC School of Pharmacy) will lead the walk/lecture, $20/person.
Trailhead address: 1673 Stunt Road, Calabasas Highlands, CA 91302
Trailhead GPS coordinates: 34.095056, -118.648573.  To get to the trailhead: From Highway 101: exit Las Virgenes Road and head south toward Malibu. After 2.8 miles turn left (east) on Mulholland Highway. After 4 miles, turn right on Stunt Road and drive one mile. There is plentiful parking along the right side of the road next to the trailhead. From PCH: take Malibu Canyon Road until it becomes Las Virgenes Road. Turn right on to Mulholland Highway and take that to Stunt Road as described above.

(3)  Traditional Chumash Material Culture, Friday, Oct. 16, 2015 @ 9:30AM, Ventura Museum, 100 E. Main St., Ventura, CA 93001, Cost: $3/ea. students/staff of CoC, Link: 

(4) American Indian Arts Marketplace, Saturday, Nov. 7, 2015 @ 10AM, Autry Museum. 4700 Western Heritage Way, Los Angeles, CA 90027, Cost: $10 general admission, $9/ea. for students (no field trip discount), Info:

WEEK 1 Introduction to Anthropology [PDF] 4MB

Why California Indians Matter (to all of us) [PDF] 4MB

“America’s Great Indian Nations” (2013) 54.34 min. [VIDEO

READ: Lightfoot 2009:2-36 & “Tracking the First Americans” by Glenn Hodges (2015)

“Scientists in Action: Steve Holan” Curator of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science (2013)  15 min. [VIDEO]

“Mammoth Steppe Hypothesis” The Middle Wisconsin (Oxygen Isotope Stage 3) Peopling of North America” (2014) by Steve Holan and Kathleen Holan

Native American US History Timeline (the Good, Bad, and the Terrible)

Native Americans Today (Demographic Facts & Figures)

Pre-Clovis Settlements in the Americas

Map of Indian Reservations and Rancherias in California (2013) Bureau of Indian Affairs

LINKS:  California Tribal Communities

WEEK 2 Physical Anthropology/Origins
Osteological Non-Metric Attributions of Ancestry [PDF] 2MB
Paleo Indians & Non-metric Cranial Attributions of Ancestry [PDF] 3.7MB
READ: Lightfoot 2009:38-49

The Kennewick Man Finally Freed to Share His Secrets” by Douglas Preston (2014) Smithsonian

“New DNA results show Kennewick Man was Native American” by Carl Zimmer (2015) New York Times

Alfred Louis Kroeber 1876-1960 American Ethnology

Re-burial Song and Talk About the Clovis Boy (12,500 year old, Montana) by Crow historian Shane Doyle, PhD 21:28 min. [VIDEO]

“Consultant: Bury Clovis Boy As Found” (2014)

“Culture is a gamble with nature.” ~ Marshall Sahlins

“Supaman!” by Crow Hip Hop artist Christian Takes Gun Parish [VIDEO] 20 min.

California Indians FactCards based on Handbook of North American Indians, Smithsonian Institution (1978)

WEEK 3 A.L. Kroeber, Native Ecology, Culture Areas/Native Foods
A.L. Kroeber, “Ishi”, Ecological Zones & Native Food Staples of Californian Native Americans [PDF] 2.1MBCalifornia Native Plant Society ( California Native Plants: Santa Barbara Botanic Garden and Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden
Explanatory Theory: Cultural Ecology/Ecological Anthropology University of Alabama Students

“Who You Callin’ a Savage? The Beauty and Brilliance of Indian Science” by Steve Russell (8/3/15)

“Here Come the Anthros (Again): The Strange Marriage of Anthropology and Native America” by Orin Starn (2011)

“ALFRED LOUIS KROEBER 1876-1960 Obituary” by Julian Steward

“The Advantages of Traditional Chumash Healing” by James Adams  and Cecilia Garcia (2005) National Institute of Health

“Life in Biosphere 2” by Jane Poynter (2009) 20 min. [VIDEO]

“Catching Fire: Prescribed Burning in Northern California” (2012) 53:44 min. [VIDEO]

“SIOSA: Prescribed Burn Fire Basics” (2012) 5:44 min [VIDEO]

“Deer Management: Prescribed Fire for Better Whitetail Habitat” (2011) 9:36 min. [VIDEO]

“How to Perform a Prescribed Burn” (2012) 6:34 min [VIDEO]

WEEK 4 First People & First Cultures
Archaeological, Linguistic and DNA Evidence of First People in California [PDF] 4.3MB
“Recognizing Artifacts” by Dr. Makoto Kowta for California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL Fire)

“After Centuries of Colonial Violence, a Resurgence of Indigenous Language Learning” (2015) by Jason Coppola

Calif. Indians Languages Groups

WEEK 5 Early History I & II
Early History I:  Ethnography and Native American Creation Stories [PDF] 15.4 MBEarly History II: Archaeological Evidence of Early to Late Holocene Occupations of California [PDF} 28.1MB”Native American Spirituality” [VIDEO] 45:58 (N.d.)
“A Karuk Creation Story” [VIDEO]“Maidu Creation Story” [VIDEO]“Archaeology – Maidu Indian village – California – 4- Butte-1 – 1967” [VIDEO]“The Rainbow Bridge” [VIDEO]“Puvungna , a brief history. Tongva and Acjachemen ancestors” [VIDEO]“Shoshone Paiute History 1” [VIDEO]“Mojave Indian Project Osiris” [VIDEO]Handbook of the Indians of California by A.L. Kroeber (Online)
WEEK 6 Protohistoric Period (1540-1769)
Protohistoric Period: First European Explorers in California (1542-1769) [PDF] 28.2MBPopulations of Indians of California
“America Before Columbus” by Thomas Oklahoma (2013) 1:37min [VIDEO]“The Aztecs and the Making of Colonial Mexico” Online resource published by Newberry Public Research Library (2007). Translations and images of original letters, maps, journals, reports, and codexes of the Spanish conquest of Mexico from the 1500s.
WEEK 7 Spanish Mission System (1769-1833)
Colonial Period 1: Spanish Mission System (1769-1833) [PDF] 46.8MB
“The Death of Padre Andrés Quintana” by Lorenzo Asisa 1877 [PDF] 1MB

Spanish Missions in California [PDF] 6.8MB Citizendium Wiki

The Mission Period: Mission Profiles (1769-1833) [PDF]

WEEK 9 Northwestern California Cultures
WEEK 10 Russian Mercantile System (1812-1839)
Colonial Period 2: Russian Mercantile System 1812-1839 [PDF] 30.2MB
Central California Cultures

“Central California Native Americans” [PDF] 1.5MB
by Jessica Jauregui, Janessa Bloom, Matthew Navarette, Alberto M., Angel V., Michael Ruiz, and Nick HardymanStudy Guide for Central California Cultures [PDF] – coming soon

WEEK 11 Mexican Rancho Period
Mexican Rancho Period 1821-1848 [PDF] 35 MBRanchos of California“The Mark of Zorro” (1940) 1:24:20 [VIDEO]“Rancho San Lorenzo-Don Guillermo Castro (Valley)” by Edwin Contreras (2014) 1:35:10 [VIDEO]
Southern California Cultures

Southern Culture Area

WEEK 12 American Period Part 1
(1848-1900)American Period (1848-1900) Part 1 [PDF] 32.3 MB“Exterminate Them! California Story”
(2011) 38:49 min. [VIDEO] By Floyd Red Crow Westerman
Colorado River Cultures

Bibliography for Colorado River Valley Native Americans [PDF]

“Paiute Native American Wovoka and the Ghost Dance” (2007) 6:37 min [VIDEO]

“The Modoc War” by Oregon Public Broadcasting (2012) 57:14min [VIDEO]

“Native Americans of the Mt. Washington District of Los Angeles” by Michael D. Mauer [Gabrieliño/Tongva]

Winema and the Modoc War: One Women’s Struggle for Peace by Rebecca Bales, National Archives (2005)

Ramona Gutenberg version and
Ramona Google Books version by Helen Hunt Jackson (1886) Free online book

Summary of the book Ramona and profile of its author Helen Hunt Jackson

“The Story of Ishi – A Chronology” by Nancy Rockafellar, University of California, San Francisco

“Ishi: Last of His Tribe” Summary and Study Guide Description

WEEK 13 American Period Part 2
(1848-1900)American Period (1848-1900) Part 2 [PDF] 52 MB – New slides added since lecture.“Ghost Dance” [VIDEO] (1894) 39 sec. Sioux dancers from Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show re-enacting a ghost dance. This may represent the first appearance of Native Americans on film.
Great Basin/Local Santa Clara River Cultures

Great Basin/Santa Clarita River Bibliography [PDF]

“Native History: California Gold Rush Begins, Devastates Native Population” by Alysa Landry (2014)

“Early California Laws and Policies Related to California Indians” (2002) by Kimberly Johnston-Dodds California Research Bureau of the California State Library

“How the Tataviam Survived & Thrived in Prehistoric SCV” [VIDEO] by Dr. Laurie Solis (2014) 1:00:29

“Shasta Indians, My Family, Sacred Mountain, Starseed” (2010) 4:41 min. [VIDEO]

Fernandeño Tataviam Band of Mission Indians

WEEK 14 Study Guide for Quiz #3 [PDF] Quiz #3 will have 4 short-answer questions based on your culture area tribes housing, food, distinctive trade goods, tools, or currency, and languages. Plus there will be 10 new key terms. No ScanTron necessary.

Interview with Nicolas G. Rosenthal: Reimagining American Indian Culture in Hollywood and Beyond (2012) 48:09 min.

Draft version of individual research papers due Monday (5/18/15)

(Russian Mercantile System, Mexican Rancho Period, American Period, 20th Century)California Native American Heritage CommissionCalifornia Native American Heritage Commission Federal LawsCalifornia Native American Heritage Commission State LawsCalifornia Native American Heritage Commission Local Ordinances & Additional Info/LinksCalifornia State Parks Archaeology, History and Museums (Cultural Resource Preservation)SAA Archeology Law & Ethics Experimental Archaeology Project
WEEK 15 MEMORIAL DAY HOLIDAY (5/25/15)20th Century: Assimilation to Self-Determination

“20th Century” [PDF]  32MB

Indian Country News

“Trauma May Be Woven into DNA of Native Americans” (2014) by Mary Annette Pember

Films with Native American Perspectives:

VisionMaker Media Documentaries

Urban Rez (2013) 56:42 min. Documentary about the Voluntary Relocation Program (1952-1973)

Urban Rez: Scenes about culture, etc.

LaDonna Harris: Indian 101 (2014) 63 min.

AIM History Part I (2008) 7:28 min.

AIM History Part 2 (2008) 8:34 min.

Hollywood depictions of Native Americans (stereotypes, good and bad):

“How Hollywood Stereotyped the Native Americans” (2007) 5:22min.

Hollywood’s Native American Narrative” (2013) The Stream, Al-Jeezera English
Racism Against Natives in Hollywood – The Tyra Show (2010) 6:23 min.

Adam Sandler’s ‘Ridiculous Six’ Producer Tells Native American Actors to Leave Set ‘If You Are Overly Sensitive’” (2015) 5:44 min

“Trudell” (2005) by Heather Rae [VIDEO] John Trudell civil rights activist/rap poet and a leader of American Indian Movement. Documentary 1:18:22“Russell Means: Welcome to the Reservation” (2011) [VIDEO] 1:35:59 Documentary about actor, civil rights activist and a leader of the American Indian Movement.

“The Salt Song Trail” (2005) 20:34 min. Memorial songs of Paiute students of Sherman Indian Institute [VIDEO]

California Indian Songs and Stories – Video (UC Berkeley 2007) Presenters: Linda Yamane (Rumsien Ohlone), Mike Mirelez (Desert Cahuilla), Ron Goode (North Fork Mono), Clarence Hostler (Hupa/Yurok/Karuk), and Charlie Thom (Karuk)

“Hidden America: Children of the Plains” (2011) 6:28min. Diane Sawyer, ABC

“Street Gangs of Pine Ridge” (2014) 44:26 min. [VIDEO] American Music Awards 15 (2014)  2014 Winners: Artist of the Year: Mato Nanji, Vanishing Americans

R.C. Gorman

Tonita Peña (1893-1949) & Tonita Peña (Quah Ah), Pueblo Painter

Pablita Velarde (1918-2006)

“Pablita Velarde Grinding Earth Pigments” (2010) 1:40min

Experimental Archaeology Projects:

Tipi: “How to Set up a Tipi” (2013) 21:16 min. [VIDEO]

Food: “How to grind maize and make tortillas” (2015) 15:19 min. [VIDEO]

Basket: “How to weave a basket from wild blackberry vines” (2013) 13:54 min. [VIDEO]

Projectile Points: “Flint Knapping Traditional Tools Part 1” (2010) 9:55 min. and “Flint Knapping Traditional Tools Part 2” (2010) 8:47 min. [VIDEO] by Flintknapper Jimmy

“Spalling chert (flint) for flint knapping” (2014) 18:34 min. by Jack Crafty

“Beginner notching flntknapping” (with a pressure flaker/steel ice pick) (2012) by Jack Crafty

“How to start a fire with flint and a knife” (2010) 5:51 min. by Survival Gabe

Games: Shinny

Standing on Sacred Ground Trailer

“Kumeyaay Indians of Baja California” (1968) By film students and Dr. Paul Ezell (Anthropology) & Dr. Roy Madsen (Cinema) of SDSU

“Part 1: Paute Indian Obsidian of Owens Valley” (2006)  2:24min.

“Life of Kahula (Cahuilla) Indians in Earlier Times” (1961)

WEEK 16 Cultural Resource Preservation”Cultural Resources/Heritage & A Public Archaeology Project” [PDF] 50 MB

Intangible Cultural Property: Clans and Stories of Northwest Coast Indians

Study Guide for Quiz #4 [PDF] “14 pages of fun”

FINAL Individual Research Papers Due Monday (6/1/15)

Extra Credit projects due Wednesday (6/3/15) New Date!

“Apache Girl’s Rite of Passage” [VIDEO] 4:49 min. National Geographic

“Culture Appropriation” (2014) 5:59 min. by Marina Watanabe

“Six Things Not to Say to a Mixed-Race Person” (2015) Article and Video by Marina Watanabe

Quiz #4 Wednesday (6/3/15)
Twentieth Century and Cultural Resource Management (CRM)”A Professional Guide for the Protection and Preservation of Native American Human Remains and Associated Grave Goods” (N.d.)“Native American Shuts Down Immigration Protest” (2013) By Young Turks 3:33 min. [VIDEO]”Navajo Nation Braces for a Million Gallons of Toxic Mining Wastewater” (8/8/15) by ICTM Staff